Family - Pets
By: - at May 23, 2013

How To Care For a Leopard Gecko

Introducing The Leopard Gecko
Nocturnal in nature, the leopard gecko is indigenous to the desert areas of Asia, and is common to Pakistan, northwest India, and certain areas of Iran.

leopard gecko

Leopard geckos are unique over other geckos as they can move their eyelids.

Geckos Live About as Long as a Dog When Raised in Captivity
The leopard gecko, with its distinctive spots, has proven to be a popular pet when it is raised in captivity. The animal, which was first noted as a species by zoologist Edward Blyth in 1854, makes a good pet as it usually lives alone in its native habitat. Geckos live as long as 20 years in the wild and about 10 to 14 years when raised in captivity.

Characteristic Traits
The lizardís head is triangularly shaped and it possesses a notable tail in which fat is stored. The patterned spots on the lizard's bumpy skin camouflage the animal on rocky and dry terrains in his native lands. Because the gecko needs minimal care, you can leave it alone for several days without too much worry. The lizard does not emit any malodorous smells nor does it require a sizable amount of space.

Leopard geckos have exceptional abilities to see and smell, both which they use to capture insects or prey in their natural habitats. Baby leopard geckos are usually about 3 inches in length while adults are around 9 to 10 inches long.

The Leopard Gecko Lizard - A Low Maintenance Pet
Therefore, the leopard gecko is one pet that wonít cause you too much difficulty when it comes to feeding and caring for it. You just have to make sure that you have the animalís habitat established and that the proper lighting and heating adjustments are made.

Gecko Pet Care Essentials
All in all, you'll need to outfit your leopard gecko with the following basic gecko essentials:

  • Afghan Leopard Gecko:
    Afghan Leopard Gecko
    By Brandon Downey via Wikimedia Commons

    10, 15, or 20-gallon tank, depending on whether youíll be housing one, two, or three geckos
  • Substrate, preferably alfalfa pellets as geckos tend to eat the material
  • Food, such as crickets, mealworms, wax worms, or pinkies (newly born mice)
  • shallow, non-tip water dish
  • planter dish if you feed your gecko mealworms
  • Calcium dust and a multivitamin supplement
  • Non-toxic and artificial plants
  • Under Tank Heater or UTH
  • Thermometer
  • Hygrometer or Humidity Gauge
  • Hiding log or box.

The Gecko Habitat: Choosing a Terrarium Tank
A 10-gallon tank is recommended for one gecko while two geckos can reside in a 15-gallon or 20-gallon habitat. Three geckos will require a terrarium that is at least 20 gallons or more. Adorn the tank environment with branches, cork, and small logs as well as artificial or non-toxic plants.

Temperature and Humidity Readings
Black Heat BulbIdeally, the humidity should range between 30 and 40 percent and the temperature in the tank should span between 80 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Set up a basking area for your gecko that is set at around 95 degrees Fahrenheit. If you have more than one gecko, then you'll want to include more than one basking spot.

To make sure you set up the tank correctly, a screen or mesh top should be provided on the top of the terrarium to supply your pet with the proper ventilation. You'll also need a thermometer to make sure that the temperature is maintained and a hygrometer to measure the tank's humidity. An under tank heater (UTH) can be set up to establish the proper temperature.

Humidity Requirements
Because geckos have specific moisture requirements when it comes to shedding, you'll need to make use of a hygrometer to make sure they are met. Otherwise, your lizard can suffer from dehydration. Also, a higher level of humidity can cause your lizard to contract an infection. Again, the preferred level of humidity is around 30 to 40%.

lizard tankSetting Up the Tank Areas
In a one-gecko residence, you'll need to establish four primary areas - two areas where he can hide or sleep, one for activity, and an area for basking. Place such items as hide boxes, rocks that overlap, and pieces of curved bark in the hiding areas and maintain open spots in the activity area. To promote movement, set smooth wood pieces or rocks in your gecko's tank so he can easily climb. The spot where your lizard basks should contain a flat rock beneath an incandescent light.

Lighting Requirements
Lighting for the tank will be needed for approximately half the day. Leopard geckos are nocturnal creatures. Therefore, you don't have to include UVB lights as you do for other lizards. Use a black heat bulb or a heater made of ceramic instead. Again, for the lizard's basking spot, an incandescent bulb will suffice. Include edible alfalfa pellets as a substrate in the tank as some lizards tend to eat the material.

Use Automatic Timers to Make Sure Your Geckoís Lighting Requirements are Met
The lighting cycle during the summer months should include 14 hours of light while wintertime necessitates 12 hours of illumination. Automatic timers can be used to make sure that the tank receives the required light. Again, use black or red heat lamps and set the light bulbs outside the terrarium over the lid.

Use Automatic Timers to Make Sure Your Geckoís Lighting Requirements are Met

Leopard geckos prefer the subtler lights as UV lighting is just too bright and disruptive to the nocturnal nature of the animal.

uv lighting

The excessive lighting can cause your lizard to become anxious or overstressed.

Heating Sources
Recommended heat sources, used for maintaining the tank's environmental temperature, can include one or more under tank heaters (UTHs) as well as overhead heating sources. Secondary heating sources are used to supply extra heat to spots like the basking area and may be represented by either a red or black basking light.

Gecko Hygiene and Care

Establishing a Shed Box
Leopard geckos regularly shed. Therefore, you'll need to supply your lizard friend with a moisture-rich shed box in which he can shed his skin. A hide box containing sphagnum moss, dampened soil, or peat moss is a good choice. When leopard geckos do shed, they get rid of all of their skin at one time. Baby geckos shed more frequently than adult geckos do.

You'll note that your gecko is ready to shed as his colors will take on a duller hue before turning white. The white color is your cue that shedding is next. The gecko devours the skin he sheds during the process. This response is necessary in the wild to keep the lizard protected from predatory enemies.

Donít Raise Two Male Geckos in the Same Tank
If you do raise more than one gecko, donít put two or more males together in a tank or pair a gecko with another type of reptile. Rather, raise two gecko females together, or two females and a male. Male geckos are especially territorial.

Donít Raise Two Male Geckos in the Same Tank

Therefore, they can become quite aggressive if they are forced to live with one another for any period of time. So, as long as you remember the aforementioned caveats, you can include more than one gecko in a tank.

Nutritional Requirements
The gecko diet often consists of lizard cuisine choices like crickets, mealworms, or wax worms. Most geckos will not eat prey that is dead. Because leopard geckos like to hunt their prey, live crickets are often used as a food source when a gecko lives inside an enclosed environment or a terrarium. Crickets that are gut-loaded or that have been just fed are special treats to geckos. Make sure that the cricket food is no bigger than 50% of the length of the lizard's head. If your gecko is still a baby, feed it every day and when it matures, you can skip a day. Leopard geckos also enjoy pinkies (or just-born baby mice).

crickets for geckosCrickets and Mealworms: Standard Gecko Fare
While pinkies are indeed a treat, most gecko owners tend to feed their gecko either crickets or mealworms most of the time. Geckos enjoy eating crickets as live insects provide more of a stimulus and interest for your pet, supporting its predatory instinct and diet at the same time. Plus crickets also provide better nutrition than mealworms. The chirping insects contain extra moisture, protein, vitamin C, and necessary calcium. A cricket's slim exoskeleton is also easier for the lizard to eat and digest as well.

Why Some Owners Prefer to Feed Mealworms Instead
Still, some gecko owners rather give their lizards mealworms as crickets can definitely annoy some people with their chirping. Plus, mealworms can't escape like crickets can. Buy mealworms in bulk and they will last for weeks, especially if theyíre refrigerated.

By MarioM (Own work), via Wikimedia Commons

Also, you can leave mealworms in your gecko's tank, so he'll have a constant supply of sustenance. That way, you only need to feed your gecko weekly, provided the food dish is big enough to hold his nourishment. Place the mealworms in four to six inch plant saucers, depending on the size of your gecko's habitat.

Make Sure that Your Gecko Receives Enough Calcium and Vitamin D3
Itís important to make sure that the lizard receives enough vitamin D3 and calcium from their diet. Usually, the nutrients can be obtained in the wild through insects, such as spiders, moths, or ants. When added to the diet of a pet gecko, the nutrients are dusted on the animalís food with a fine calcium powder that includes vitamin D3.

Leopard Gecko Who has Lost Its Tail But it is Growing Back
Leopard Gecko Who has Lost Its Tail But it is Growing Back

So, make sure you provide a dusting of calcium whenever you feed your lizard and give him a multivitamin for supplementation once a week.

Replace Your Geckoís Water Daily
The water you provide your pet should be free of chlorine and therefore filtered and fresh. Change it daily and pour it in a shallow non-tipping dish. Donít use a deep water dish as it can present a drowning hazard for your pet.

Thanks for reading, and I want to thank James from secrets to save your leopard gecko for helping me with some of this information.





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