Hobby - Photography
By: - at May 27, 2013

8 Photographic Compositions an Amateur Can Try

photo compositionWhy do we take pictures? Whether it is for a hobby or for promotions, we generally take photos for others to see. Did you ever wonder why some friends’ photos get a thousand hits and yours only get a handful? It is absolutely not about the camera you brag about but your composition of pictures. Remember that when you take photos, you should be able to produce something others consider to be worth seeing. There is no single standard of what is right in photography, but there are techniques that can make your photos stand out.

What is Photo Composition?
Photo composition is the arrangement of elements that makes the resulting images valuable works of art. It is organizing the position of these elements in your camera frame that adheres to the more popular artistic principles. Its purpose is to capture subjects that are visually compelling for people to see.

photo lense

Essentially, it means that when you take photos, it is not about seeing something great that triggers pressing the shutter, but how you shoot them. Poor photo composition skills can spoil even the most beautiful subject one can find. In contrast, great compositions can make great images out of the most ordinary subjects.

How to Take Great Pictures
girl taking pictureGenerally speaking, taking a photo is easy. With modern cameras, all it takes is a press on the shutter. What is essential, however, in taking excellent shot at a chosen subject is composition. With an interesting subject, the photographer is challenged to put together elements like lighting and framing styles to produce great photos. Every photographer sees things differently. This means that even when given a single subject, they would usually produce compelling shots with distinct angles and styles.

You don’t have to be a professional to take great photos. Here are the basic rules even the most popular photographers employ:

1)  Center of Interest.  When taking photos, look for a subject you find attractive. When you have finally decided which among the variety of things around you want to focus on, frame it on your camera. Be sure, though, that your subject is the only thing that stands out. This means that when someone sees your picture, it is the first thing that can draw attention. With so much clutter in your picture, your point of interest will be lost. Decide only on one thing to stand out. If it’s just so impossible to isolate your subject from its background, make use of the control called depth of field to blur the background and make your subject the only thing that’s visible.

Photographic Center of Interest

2)  Framing.  Another type of photo composition, framing, is taking a picture with your subject placed behind a structure that makes viewers imagine where you are when it was taken. It is putting something like leaves or branches or even window frames as foreground leading to the subject of the photo. Taken from its name, subjects look like they were enclosed, partly or fully. The bricks on this picture were used as a frame. It is wise to remember that frames should not be too distinct to draw attention away from the subject, making it a distraction.

Photographic Framing

3)  Direction of Movement.  When taking a picture of a moving subject, it is best to leave a space to where it is heading. This is called “the active space.” This technique caters to a quite instinctive act of viewers to move eyes naturally to the direction where your subject is moving to. Consequently, it helps add drama and anticipation in your shot.

Photographic Direction of Movement

Star and Moon Photo4)  Contrast.  A light colored subject placed against a darker background or vice versa creates an impact. The most popular kind of this makes use of black and white colors. The moon and the star against the sky tells us that the two are the only things that shine in a wide darkness.

5)  Balance.  Can be considered symmetric or asymmetric, placing the subject off the center of the frame creates greater impact. This can be done by balancing an off-center subject with other minor subjects or images. Here, the rocks on the left occupy almost the same amount of space as the water and the sand.

Photographic Balance

6)  Viewpoint.  Taking photos of subjects directly at eye level can be good, but snapping images from a different angle is better. When composing photograph following viewpoint, you can move the camera up, down, or on any side of your subject. Taking photos and conveying meaning from a different perspective gives your images an interesting twist. Here, a century-old lighthouse was photographed from below.

Photographic Viewpoint

7)  Lines and Diagonals.  When lines or shapes are captured leading to different directions, intersecting at some point or from different viewpoints, they create a sense of action. When the linear elements are repeated, it creates effective patterns that are eye-catching. Here, a round staircase, photographed from below, creates a curving image of intersecting lines and rectangles in a straight bar.

Photographic Lines and Diagonals

8)  The Rule of Thirds.  Perhaps the most popular photographic composition style, this is based on the fact the eyes would easily noticed images placed about two-thirds up or down the page. This can be done by creating imaginary lines that divides the frame into nine equal squares. A subject can be put along the intersection of these lines. Most digital cameras have this function, making it easier to compose a more dramatic image. Here, the fountain was placed on the two-third intersections on the lower left.

Photographic The Rule of Thirds

Final Clicking Tips:
There is no specific “right” or “wrong” when taking photos as there are endless ways to snap an interesting subject. Whether you are having the most simple or hi-tech camera, you need the knowledge on photographic compositions to capture images interesting enough for people to look at. An excellent photographer can make or break rules creatively to produce pictures worthy to be considered works of art.





Taking Pictures With 24mm (or less) Lenses
How To Get A Wider View With Fisheye Lenses
How To Take Pictures In Infrared
8 Photographic Compositions an Amateur Can Try
Beginners’ Guide to Taking Photos


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